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Criminal Justice System
Date for Submission: Please refer to the timetable on ilearn
(The submission portal on ilearn will close at 14:00 UK time on the
date of submission)
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As part of the formal assessment for the programme you are required to submit a
Criminal Justice System essay. Please refer to your Student Handbook for full details
of the programme assessment scheme and general information on preparing and
After completing the module you should be able to:
1. Demonstrate a sound understanding of the structure and governance of the
criminal justice system in England and Wales.
2. Demonstrate a sound understanding of the social divisions in criminal justice in
terms of age, gender, class, ‘race’ and definitions of criminal justice and of the
competing aims of the CJS.
3. Demonstrate the ability to analyse policy issues in relation to criminal justice.
4. Demonstrate the ability to apply effective information-gathering and literacy skills
in researching and answering questions about criminal justice in England and
5. Understand and explain the implications of social change, including the value of
building new skills and expertise to analyse emerging problems.
Maximum word count: 3000 words
Please note that exceeding the word count by over 10% will result in a reduction in grade by
the same percentage that the word count is exceeded.
You must not include your name in your submission because Arden University operates
anonymous marking, which means that markers should not be aware of the identity of the
student. However, please do not forget to include your STU number.
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Assignment Task – Essay
Write an essay (maximum 3,000 words) answering any ONE of the questions below.
Note that for questions that are multi-part, you should answer all parts of your chosen
The criminal justice system is made up of several components. Assess how both wider
social changes and changes within separate criminal justice agencies might impact the
system as a whole.
The prison system in England and Wales is considered to be in crisis.
a. Why is it in crisis?
b. What particular issues are of immediate concern?
c. What can be done to reduce or solve these issues?
Consider evidence available to you to assess whether ethnic minorities are still
discriminated against in the UK criminal justice system.
a. What evidence exists for this discrimination? Who is discriminated against and
why does it happen?
b. What efforts have been made to reduce levels of discrimination? Have these
End of questions
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You have the opportunity to submit an essay plan or draft of up to 1000 words to
receive formative feedback.
The feedback is designed to help you develop areas of your work and it helps you
develop your skills as an independent learner.
Your work must be submitted to your tutor no later than two weeks prior to the
assessment submission date. This is to allow time for you to reflect on the feedback
and draft your final submission.
Formative feedback will not be given to work submitted after the above date.
You MUST underpin your analysis and evaluation of the key issues with appropriate
and wide ranging academic research and ensure this is referenced using the AU
Harvard system. The My Study Skills Area contains the following useful resources:
Guide to Harvard Referencing
Guide to Harvard Citation
You must use the AU Harvard Referencing method in your assignment.
Students are required to indicate the exact word count on the title page of the
assessment. The word count excludes the title page, executive summary, tables,
figures, diagrams, footnotes, reference list and appendices. Where assessment
questions have been reprinted from the assessment brief these will also be excluded
from the word count. ALL other printed words ARE included in the word count. See
‘Word Count Policy’ on the homepage of this module for more information.
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Assignments submitted late will not be accepted and will be marked as a 0% fail.
Your assessment should be submitted as a single Word (MS Word) or PDF file. For more
information please see the “Guide to Submitting an Assignment” document available on the
module page on iLearn.
You must ensure that the submitted assignment is all your own work and that all sources
used are correctly attributed. Penalties apply to assignments which show evidence of
academic unfair practice (see the Student Handbook which is on the homepage of your
module and also in the Induction Area).
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|Level 4 is the first stage on the student journey into undergraduate study. At Level 4 students will be developing their knowledge and understanding of the discipline and will be expected to demonstrate
some of those skills and competences. Student are expected to express their ideas clearly and to structure and develop academic arguments in their work. Students will begin to apply the theory which
underpins the subject and will start to explore how this relates to other areas of their learning and any ethical considerations as appropriate. Students will begin to develop self-awareness of their own
academic and professional development.
|Grade||Mark Bands||Generic Assessment Criteria|
|80%+||Outstanding performance which demonstrates the ability to analyse the subject area and to confidently apply theory whilst showing awareness of any relevant ethical
The work shows an excellent level of competence and confidence in managing appropriate sources and materials, initiative and excellent academic writing skills and
professional skills (where appropriate). The work shows originality of thought.
|70-79%||Excellent performance which demonstrates the ability to analyse the subject and apply theory whilst showing some awareness of any relevant ethical considerations.
The work shows a high level of competence in managing sources and materials, initiative and very good academic writing skills and professional skills (where
appropriate). The work shows originality of thought.
|60-69%||Very good performance which demonstrates the ability to analyse the subject and apply some theory.
The work shows a good level of competence in managing sources and materials and some initiative. Academic writing skills are good and expression remains accurate
overall. Good professional skills (where appropriate). The work shows some original thought.
|50-59%||A satisfactory to good performance which begins to analyse the subject and apply some underpinning theory.
The work shows a sound level of competence in managing basic sources and materials. Academic writing skills are satisfactory and expression remains accurate
overall although the piece may lack structure. Satisfactory professional skills (where appropriate). The work lacks some original thought.
|40-49%||Basic level of performance in which there are some omissions in understanding the subject, its underpinning theory and ethical considerations.
The work shows a basic use of sources and materials. Academic writing skills are limited and there are some errors in expression and the work may lack structure
overall. There are some difficulties in developing professional skills (where appropriate). The work lacks original thought and is largely imitative.
|Marginal fail||30-39%||Limited performance in which there are omissions in understanding the subject, its underpinning theory and ethical considerations.
The work shows a limited use of sources and materials. Academic writing skills are weak and there are errors in expression and the work may lack structure overall.
There are difficulties in developing professional skills (where appropriate). The work lacks original thought and is largely imitative.
|29% and below||A poor performance in which there are substantial gaps in knowledge and understanding, underpinning theory and ethical considerations.
The work shows little evidence in the use of appropriate sources and materials. Academic writing skills are very weak and there are numerous errors in expression. The
work lacks structure overall. Professional skills (where appropriate) are not developed. The work is imitative.
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